Arizona’s Neighborhood Spiders

Getting to Know the Spiders in the Phoenix Area

The other day we talked about dealing with Arizona spider bites. When it’s important to seek medical care and also mentioned older article about how you can treat spider bites and stay green at the same time. Well, we figured maybe we should go a little more in depth and mention a few of the spiders you can find in Phoenix and the throughout Arizona.

Because of Arizona’s dry climate and hot temperatures along with varied degrees of elevation there, are a number of diverse spiders that make this state their home.

Of course the two spiders to watch out for in Arizona are the Black Widow Spider and the Brown Spider. The medical profession has produce an antivenin serum, but the person who is bitten needs this serum as soon as possible after the bite.

The Black Widow Spider is black in color. Their undersides have a red hourglass marking, that makes them very distinct. If a black widow bites an individual, he or she will notice pain at the bite site and possibly two puncture wounds at the bite site. This is typically followed by abdominal cramping and respiratory distress. Black widow bites are particularly dangerous to children and adults with compromised health. Black widows prefer dark and secluded areas. You can find a black widows in places such as under rocks, inside structures, under trees, and various nooks of buildings.

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The Arizona brown spider, also called the Arizona recluse, is a brown or tan in coloration. The spider is one of many that are called fiddleback spiders. Keep in mind that spotting a violin pattern may indicate a recluse, but the pattern is not exclusive to recluses. Their bites should never be left untreated as it can lead to permanent disfigurement or infection. The skin at the bite site becomes discolored much like a bruised area and typically develops into a sore. They prefer to hide in dry, dark places. This means you can bring them into your home through stored items or firewood.

desert tarantula burrowing in ground holeThe desert tarantula, also called the Arizona blonde tarantula, is colored brown and black with hairy bodies. Tarantulas are mostly antisocial but will stand up for their space and attack when they feel threatened. The Tarantula is a faster traveller than other spiders, covering large distances in a single day. Their bites, while harmless, can be quite painful. Better to watch them or take their picture than to harass these spiders.

Arizona’s Green Lynx Spider makes their homes in open fields and lives among flowers. They have beautiful colors of tan, pink and green camouflage. These spiders do not generally bite humans.

Orb Weavers there are quite a variety of orb weavers in the area. It is unlikely that they will bite a person, unless harassed. These spiders prefer areas with water, such as riparian habitats or agricultural developments.

Jumping Spiders are colored brown or black and sometimes marked with red or salmon coloration. These spiders wander around throughout the day and use quick reflexes and strong jumping ability to catch prey. These are great spiders to have around as they don’t typically bite, unless cornered, and with their varied diet are excellent Phoenix pest control helpers.

Wolf Spiders live in grass, dried dead leaves, and hunt on the ground. This spider variety is harmless to humans and is not social, staying to itself. They prefer more moist areas such as farmland or near streams.They can become aggressive when defending themselves or their young.

Large giant crab spider on the wall waiting to catch a prey.The Giant Crab Spider frequents the walls and ceiling of homes and do not weave webs. These spiders are hunters on the go. They are not aggressive or very poisonous, of course they may bite in defense. They like to travel through the duct work in homes. These spiders kill off cockroaches and crickets. Often mistaken as wolf spiders due to their appearance, but two characteristics set them apart. Wolf spiders cannot climb walls and this spider got its name by preferring to walk sideways.

Crab Spiders wait patiently on beautiful flowers to catch their prey. The bite of this spider causes some pain to the person, however, this spider is not dangerous and are quite common to the Arizona area. The colors of this spider can be yellow, reddish in color, and generally take on the semblance of the flower they are lying in wait upon.


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